Outdoor Flooring, Guide to Choice
The choice of outdoor flooring must take into account different variables than those for interiors that can be assessed above all according to functional, as well as aesthetic criteria; For example, outdoor materials must adapt to the needs of the place (hotter or rainy and freezing areas) in which they are placed.
Outdoor flooring: Aspects to be evaluated
Generally all outdoor flooring must be: waterproof, non-slip and frost, resistant to loads, resistant to atmospheric agents and sudden changes in temperature, low propensity to molds and stains.
These characteristics are indicated in the technical sheets and in the product catalogues, together with all the reference parameters according to the European Standards (EN) and to the International ones (ISO).
For example, to measure the safety coefficient when slipping ceramic tiles, many manufacturers refer to the German method of DIN 51130 which distinguishes certain classes of slipperiness and the indications of the respective environments of use (R9- Entrance areas and stairs with access from the outside; R10-common bathrooms and showers; Up to R13-environments with large amounts of fat).
In the choice of outdoor flooring is therefore essential to take into account the intended use (garden, driveway, pedestrian path, paving of a pool edge etc.), identifying the material that best suits the context and Climatic conditions of the place.
If outdoor flooring is to be placed in environments where the winter is very rigid and low temperatures are reached it should be extended for materials with high resistance, while in areas with frequent precipitations could be tended for Types with low water absorption.
It is also necessary to evaluate the function that will go to acquit the floor.
Outdoor Flooring: Materials
The materials for the external flooring are manifold: You can choose between stone tiles, ceramic, porcelain stoneware, terracotta, concrete, wood etc.
Porcelain stoneware is a material very resistant to scratches, abrasions and chemical agents and can have different finishes.
Even the wood, if properly treated, is suitable for outdoor. It is often found in planks or tiles that can be used both for poolside flooring and for terraces and gardens.
For exteriors you can also use synthetic materials, composite, plastic, glass and even fabric.